The 'Twacha Clinic'
Hair loss is one of the most common conditions and most of the people are affected by this condition at some time in their lives. Hair loss may occur due to certain types of illness, anemia, thyroid, vitamin / protein / iron deficiency and certain medical procedures including chemotherapy. However, it is important to distinguish between temporary hair loss and permanent baldness, which can happen affect men, women, and children.
Male Pattern Baldness - In males, baldness is the process wherein hair growth is stunted partially or completely, however, the degree and pattern of baldness varies as per different subjects. If the hair loss of the subject occurs in a regular pattern from the temples and crown of the head, then it is most likely a case of ‘Male Pattern Baldness’.
It is considered a hereditary and is caused by increased sensitivity to androgens (male sex hormones) in certain parts of the scalp.
Female Pattern Hair Loss or Baldness - Female Pattern Baldness is a form of hair loss that occurs in women with androgenetic alopecia, wherein the hairs can become thin over the entire scalp. The frontal hairline remains more or less as normal despite the fact that hair thins all over the head. There may be a moderate loss of hair on the crown, however, it rarely reaches to the level of total or near total baldness, like in men.
It is caused mostly by genetic factors. Technically this sort of inheritance is called inheritance is polygenic i.e. there are many genes that contribute to this condition and these genes could be inherited from either parent, or both.
Dandruff – It is a chronic condition (mostly harmless) that occurs when the scalp becomes dry and produces white flakes of dead skin. In the condition of dandruff, skin cells are shed at a much faster rate than normal. Causes of Dandruff may be dry skin, sensitivity to certain hair products and skin conditions such as dermatitis, psoriasis, seborrheic or eczema.